Create a garden with year-round interest using our local calendar of plants in bloom or with other seasonal interest, such as berries, bark or foliage. Each list item links to photos and culture information, making the calendar a great planning tool.
Trees, shrubs, and woody vines of North CarolinaWill Cook complete list of trees, shrubs & woody vines of Orange County, separate lists for native vs. naturalized plants, multiple photos for each species (e.g. leaf, twig, bark, flower), frequency of occurrence in Orange County, notes on form, habitat, etc.
Going nativeNC CES step-by-step instructions on how to: identify wildlife needs, map your yard, identify existing vegetation, design & implement a native landscape
North Carolina recommendedLady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center plant characteristics, bloom time, culture information, benefits, propagation, distribution, native habitats, sourcing
Izel commercial site, marketplace for several nurseries that are dedicated to the responsible collection and propagation of native species. has photos of 475 plants native to our county
Natural communities of Orange Countythis website These plant lists can help you to select plants that suit your site more closely than by using the more standard criteria such as sun/shade. The main page looks at our major natural communities and their associated plants, which can differ greatly between communities. There is a tool for you to discover which communities are present in your yard, plus descriptions, photos, and map links for local sites you can visit.
Earth-KindTX CES includes many plants that are also grown in our area. Ratings are based on water use plus heat tolerance, soil tolerance, fertility requirements, and pest resistance for each Texas region. The region most closely matching our own is northeast Texas (Region C — Pineywoods area). comments on the habit, size, fruit and flowering, ornamental value, and disease susceptibility. If you are considering a particular plant, see if it is in the list and click on it to view these other attributes. Because the climate is not identical to ours, some virtues or concerns may not apply here. Earth-Kind also field-tests roses for tolerance to pests, heat, and drought while delivering outstanding landscape performance.
Hoffman Nursery local wholesale ornamental grass nursery. Select grasses by function: Bioretention / Rain Gardens, Bioswales / Vegetated Swales, Erosion Control, Green Roofs, Lawn Alternatives, Meadow / Prairie Plantings
Four major mechanisms permit some tree species to adapt to compacted soil, whose lack of medium and large pore spaces results in poor gas exchange with the atmosphere, limited tree-available water, and mechanical impedance to root growth:
The trees below tolerate compacted soil. Note, however, that many of the species in this list appear on the lists of problem trees shown further down on this page.
river birch redbud hawthorns persimmon holly Eastern redcedar sweetbay tupelo/black gum loblolly pine swamp white oak overcup oak bur oak swamp chestnut oak Nuttall oak pin oak willow oak Shumard oak baldcypress
Because some species, including natives, are invasive in the right habitat, it is wise to check before you introduce any plant. The references below show how to identify and eliminate invasive species.
Invasive plant atlas of the US The Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States is a collaborative project between the National Park Service, the University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England and the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. It will open on the distribution map for Japanese stiltgrass, with weed images displayed and links to factsheets, control measures, etc. The maps are a very nice feature of this site because distribution is shown at the county level.
Weed factsheetsPlant Conservation Alliance maps at state level only, but superb factsheets with photos, details of threat, habitats, biology, and spread, management options
The table identifies trees that are genetically predisposed to problems that make them highly susceptible to storm damage. Read more about these issues in Storm Damage.
Key Fpoor form Ddecay problems Rgirdling roots
Red maple Silver maple Littleleaf linden
European mountain ash Boxelder Willows
Hackberry Bradford pear Amur cherry
American basswood Northern pin oak Red oak Black oak Aspen Gray birch
Norway maple Poplars
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The Go Local section of our homepage lists regional parks, public gardens, and arboreta and has a searchable map of places of special interest. The map bubbles list visit highlights and, where available, plant lists and trail maps. There are also links to independent local retailers for plants, soil, mulch, amendments, and tools.